Narcolepsy: Symptoms and Treatment
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder of this kind, the impact of which affects a person's ability to control its own state of wakefulness and sleep. Narcolepsy, which are accompanied by symptoms of excessive sleepiness and is not subject to control sleep attacks adhd-drugs.net, manifested during the day, is a kind of dangerous disease, because a sudden sleep attack may occur at any time when any operation.
Typically, developing narcolepsy in young adults (15-25 years), mainly men, although symptoms of narcolepsy may be an opportunity in any other age. The primary intended a factor contributing to the development of the disease, heredity is considered, combined with exposure to certain environmental factors, as one of them can be designated, for example, viral diseases. In general, the causes that trigger the disease, not fully explored. Some experts opinion as to what the cause of narcolepsy is the lack of such a biologically active substance, due to which the brain regulates the processes associated with falling asleep and waking up, as this substance is considered orexin (hypocretin).
The attack sleep in narcolepsy is accompanied, as is clear, a sudden falling asleep, combined with the instant loss of muscle tone. Narcolepsy is accompanied by constant sleepiness and fatigue, and these states are relevant regardless of the total duration of sleep of the patient. Again, as we know, narcolepsy can become a serious obstacle, affecting the level of quality of life, especially when it comes to its uncontrolled and unrecognized form.
Regarding the prevalence of narcolepsy, there are data indicating the frequency of its diagnosis in 20-40 people on average from 100,000 Currently existing methods of treatment aimed at correction of the disease, but not get rid of him.
As already noted, the exact reasons that would explain the nature of this disease, there is currently no. The main options are considered the results of several studies. Thus, according to one causes narcolepsy lie in identifying genes that are closely linked with the subject we have a sleep disorder. Due to these genes form provides control signals in the brain related to sleep and awakening. According to others it is caused by narcolepsy already highlighted above lack of hypocretin in the brain. In addition, it has been identified and this kind of anomalies of different areas of the brain, which is provided by the participation in the regulation of REM. These anomalies appear as the main influencing factor in the development of symptoms relevant to narcolepsy.
With the combination of the factors associated with patient privacy factor gene disorders may thus develop the disease. Somewhat later, based on a number of studies, in addition to the above features of the disease, it has been found that the bond may be present between the development of narcolepsy and certain disorders of the immune system, which can also be considered as a factor in the development of concomitant disease. It is important to note that neither the scale of the problem of psychological or psychiatric scale of the problem cause of narcolepsy are not.
Excessive daytime sleepiness. Because of excessive daytime sleepiness are caused by problems related conduct normal activities throughout the day. Thus, as already indicated, drowsiness is a concomitant factor general state of the patient, manifested regardless of how many times it is necessary for a night's sleep. Thus, narcolepsy is not a condition provoked by a lack of, for example, a night's sleep - sleeping patient can any amount of time, narcolepsy is not bound in its manifestations with this condition. Also, patients seeking care physician concerning the excessive daytime sleepiness, there complaints of blurred thinking, difficulty concentrating, as well as the energy shortage. In addition, they develop depression, excessive developing "squeezed" and the general state of exhaustion.
Development of cataplexy. Under said condition refers to a condition in which there is a sudden loss of muscle tone due to the developed which respectively fatigue and sudden loss of control of muscle condition. Against the background of this condition develops, in turn, a whole range of manifestations that may appear as only as slurred speech, reproduced by the patient, and as a state of absolute exhaustion, caused by a particular group of muscles, etc.
The emergence of hallucinations. Mostly here are illusory experience, the nature of occurrence of the patients they are quite vivid and realistic, even frightening. Hallucinations may occur in certain embodiments own species, as, for example, hypnagogic, that is appearing just before falling asleep, and hypnopompic, ie those hallucinations that accompany in their own appearance of the patient's awakening. Thus, when there are unusual phenomena hallucinations, hear sounds. Hallucinations in general can cause the development of anxiety disorders in patients due to the peculiarities of their manifestation.
Development of sleep paralysis. This symptom is accompanied by the development of temporary incapacity, that is a lack of ability to speak or move, which was caused by falling asleep patients or, on the contrary, their revival. The duration of these symptoms and short duration of episodes of a few minutes or even seconds. Usually, the disappearance of symptoms of paralysis occurs when touching the patient. Finishing attack accompanied recovery ability to reproduce speech and movement, depending on what kind of functions, respectively, has been "locked".
In general, you can complete the picture of the disease manifestations that narcolepsy symptoms can manifest itself as immediately in full, and be accompanied by their gradual development and aggravation, celebrated for many years.