Throat (lat pharynx.) - Is the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract of man is located between the esophagus and oral cavity. Pharyngitis called inflammation buy zithromax 500mg of the mucosa and lymphoid tissues of the pharynx.
Causes of disease
The most common viral pharyngitis, which may be caused by such common pathogens of respiratory infections such as adenovirus, rhinovirus, parainfluenza virus, coronavirus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and others. As a rule, a viral sore throat accompanied by any respiratory infection (ARI). Bacterial pharyngitis occurs much less frequently and is caused by streptococcus, less Neisser, mycoplasma and chlamydia.
Chronic pharyngitis may develop as a consequence of acute or chronic upper respiratory tract infection, and irritation with prolonged alcohol pharyngeal mucosa, dust, soot and other mechanical and chemical agents.
The symptoms of pharyngitis
On examination of the throat (pharyngoscope) marked redness of the throat wall, mucosa seems loose, it may be increased palatine tonsils.
Symptoms of acute pharyngitis with SARS and other infectious diseases, as a rule, supplemented by the main symptoms of the disease: fever, rhinitis, bronchitis, cough, signs of severe intoxication, muscle pain, rash, and so on.
In chronic pharyngitis symptoms are less pronounced. The patient complains of a feeling of dryness or tickling in the throat, often a dry painful cough.
Diagnosis of Pharyngitis
Diagnosis is based primarily on a thorough examination of the patient and pharyngoscope. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe additional studies.
It is clear that not every episode of sore throat cause you talk to the doctor. However, it should be understood that not always you will be able to distinguish for a bacterial infection from the virus.
If you suspect a chronic pharyngitis, be sure to contact the physician to determine the cause of the disease and deciding treatment.
Pharyngitis Treatment depends on the cause.
In any case, from the diet excludes irritating foods (hot, cold, sour, spicy, salty). It is recommended to drink plenty of liquids to 1.5-2 liters per day. If you smoke, at the time of treatment should stop smoking or reduce smoking to a minimum (tobacco smoke is an additional irritant to the mucous membrane of the pharynx).
In the case of the viral nature of the disease, the treatment is mainly local: gargle with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory solutions, the use of aerosol inhalation, the drug in the form of lozenges. In the case of established bacterial doctor may prescribe antibiotics disease.