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Mammary cancer

According to statistics, the incidence of Russia's population of breast malignant tumors has increased more than 2 times in the last 15 years. It is known that the incidence of women tamoxifen wiki living in large cities and industrial areas is higher than rural women.

Breast cancer occurs in men. Many men do not even know about the development opportunities they have this disease. That is why they did not immediately go to the doctor, which leads to late diagnosis, delayed the beginning of treatment and poor therapeutic outcome.

For cancer risk factors of breast cancer in women include cancers family history (especially the presence of breast cancer in a mother or grandmother), late onset of menstruation in girls, the absence of labor or later first birth, the abandonment of breastfeeding, prolonged lack of sex life , reproductive system diseases, leading to hormonal disturbances. As it turned out, also have the value of such diseases as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and atherosclerosis, and others.


Breast cancer occurs as a result of active uncontrolled division of abnormal cancer cells. Without treatment, the tumor is growing rapidly in size, it can grow into the skin, muscles and chest. In the lymph vessels cancer cells get into the nearest lymph nodes. From the bloodstream, they spread throughout the body, giving rise to new tumors - metastasis. Most often, breast cancer metastasizes to the lungs, liver, bone, brain. The defeat of these bodies and the disintegration of the tumor and leads to death. Breast cancer can develop on the background of precancerous diseases, which include breast and fibroadenoma.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

  • Painless, dense formation in the interior of the breast,

  • Changing breast shape and form,

  • Shrinkage or retraction of the breast skin,

  • Unusual discomfort or pain in one breast,

  • Lump or swelling in the nipple, his retraction,

  • Bloody discharge from the nipple,

  • Swelling of the lymph nodes under the arm on the side concerned.

Due to the lack of annual check-ups, doctors can not constantly monitor the health of the population. Therefore, most often refers to an oncologist myself a woman who noticed the tumor.

The main method of early detection of breast cancer is X-ray mammography. Regular carrying out of this study can detect tumors at an early stage.

Despite the fact that the breast is available for inspection, approximately half the patients in hospitals come from the third and fourth stages of the disease. Often this is due to women's lack of self-study skills, as well as long-term care home remedies when detecting various seals in the mammary gland. Women are afraid to go to the doctor and find out the truth. This later leads to the diagnosis and therapy at the worst results.

To confirm the diagnosis requires mammography, breast ultrasound, and biopsy (taking a piece of breast tissue for histological examination). To identify possible metastases woman sent for bone scintigraphy (radioisotope research), ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, lung X-ray, computed tomography, and others. Depending on the results of the survey may also need additional diagnostic techniques.


Metastasis may occur in the lymph and blood vessels. Nodal metastases appear in the regional lymph nodes: anterior thoracic, axillary, and supraclavicular approach, okologrudinnoy. Hematogenous metastases are found most often in the bones, lung, liver and kidney. When breast cancer is often found the so-called latent or dormant metastases, which can develop in 7-10 years (described in twenty years) after complete resection of primary tumor.

What you can do

If you notice any changes in the state of the mammary glands, try as soon as possible to appeal to mammologist. Do not be afraid survey. Much more dangerous to play for time, waiting until symptoms disappear, or self-medicate. Lost time in such a situation is dangerous tumor invasion into the deeper layers of the chest wall and metastasis.

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