Hot flashes in menopause

Hot flashes during menopause - what is it?

Hot flashes in menopause - a problem familiar to the vast majority of women "spicy" age. At the heart of these unpleasant physiological manifestations is reduction of female hormones and, as a purchase conjugated estrogens online consequence, the inevitable restructuring of the age of the female body.

If you simplify, the scheme is as follows: estrogens (and these are the female sex hormones) are responsible not only for the development of the body of female type, but also act on the thermoregulatory center located in the hypothalamus.

When at a certain age level of these hormones decline goes on, the body initially perceives this fact as a kind of "damage" and begins to send signals outside the woman who she perceives as hot flushes. The body begins to react accordingly, and included the mechanisms responsible for the balance of normalization. As a result, heart palpitations, vasodilation and sweating.

After a certain time, and every woman that happens individually, the body is reconstructed, it began working on the new rules and processes thermoregulation will stabilize.

On the question: "How long can this go on," there is no clear answer. Some women "skips" this period of just six months, but there are cases when the tides last up to 10 or even 15 years. Factors which may significantly extend this uncomfortable condition is a natural early menopause, or medication.

The symptoms of hot flushes

Those women who have entered menopause, interested in the question the duration of tides. They manifest before attacking the last menstrual period. Attacks of varying intensity will last an average of two more years. This refers to 60% of women. Some people have no more than two attacks within 12 months, some suffer from this condition for many years, and some even have never experienced the tides. In any case, over time, the severity of symptoms is declining, their duration decreases. Very rarely tide lasts up to an hour, the average time of hot flashes is about 2 minutes.

Among the most pronounced signs of hot flashes can be noted:

Take over the rush of the beginning of an infectious disease is impossible. Most women said that a certain "aura" is felt before the start. That is, if there is a high sensitivity can even predict when manifests tide.

There is a sharp blood flow to the upper body. The skin of the face and neck blush, fever covers his chest and arms.

Increased number of heartbeats, and therefore there is dizziness, headaches. Women experiencing nausea, shortness of breath, anxiety and weakness.

During the attack, the woman is a jump in body temperature, and then it returns to normal. It appears sweating. Sweat can cover the entire body or to speak only on the upper lip. Once the temperature drops, chills begins. It forces a woman or change clothes or go to the shower.

Time of day also affects the incidence of hot flashes. There is a tributary of the heat at night and in the evening hours. At the same time 10% of women seek medical help as attacks quite pronounced.

Tide Causes

During entry in menopause there is a transformation of sexual functions. It stops ovulation, no longer to mature follicles and eggs, reduces the activity of the endocrine glands. At the spot where earlier matured follicles now formed connective tissue. Because these processes ovaries decrease in size, they are replaced by a dense structure parenchyma (sclerosing process).

What is the mechanism of occurrence of hot flashes? It is known that during normal sleep, for the maintenance of body temperature, appetite, and for the production of hormones responsible hypothalamus. Reducing the amount of estrogen in the blood has a significant influence on it. Up to this point of time science has not found a clear explanation of why the hypothalamus during menopause begins to perceive the actual body temperature at a high. However, it is known that it was he who causes an increase in heart rate, increases the volume of the capillaries. Thus it prepares the body to to cope with a sharp jump and release excess heat.

The hypothalamus performs the regulation by the nervous system. To deliver the tissue signals the hypothalamus neurotransmitters - serotonin, adrenaline and prostaglandidy. For this reason, and there is a rush, with all its attendant symptoms: quickened heart rate, sweating, dilated capillaries.

Disorders associated with insufficient production of estrogen, affects not only the operation of the hypothalamus, and the urinary system, skin, bone, all mucous membranes, brain, breast and vagina. Changing the neuro-vegetative regulation, increases the risk of atherosclerosis and ischemic diseases of the heart and blood vessels, the skin undergoes changes dystrophic character. Increasing the frequency of calls to the doctor about the diseases of the joints, which is caused by the formation of osteoporosis. No change is no psychological background woman.

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