Dehydration - a process that appears due to the large loss of body fluids, the amount of which is several times dominates the volume, which consumes a person. As a result, there is disorder of the body's normal operation. Often manifested fever, vomiting, diarrhea and sweating. It occurs more often in hot weather or when performing heavy physical activities are not too large fluid intake. Such a breakdown is subject to every human being, regardless of gender and age, but according to statistics most predisposed children, persons older age groups, and people suffering from chronic course of a disease. Because dehydration condensed blood sharp replenishing fluid lost can lead to swelling or cause death. The human body is largely composed of water, it uses panicattacks it throughout life and prepares her food. The liquid is a good helper in the elimination of waste metabolic products, participate in respiratory function. Without water, the use of a person can not live for more than ten days.
Typically, initial dewatering to moderate easy fix, just need to accept more fluid. Severe dehydration is more dangerous, so you need to address as soon as possible for help or deliver the victim to a medical facility for immediate treatment. Dehydration is particularly dangerous for infants and children less than three years, which is why parents often wonder how to determine dehydration. It's enough just to follow the color of urine and overall condition of the child - in such cases it would be difficult to wake, when crying tears will not, baby will be constantly restless. At the first sign of dehydration in children should immediately call the doctor and begin appropriate treatment.
Dehydration is manifested when a person loses a lot of fluids throughout the day, but does not make up the lost moisture. When the flow of this disorder the body is really dry - very often it can be seen in the progression of pathologies with chronic and due to the heavy workload, when a person can not interrupt their work in order to have a drink. Often it occurs during long camping trips - in such cases it is very often the case that a group of people can not get to the water source and the liquid reserves it is not enough. Thus, the risk group includes:
newborns or babies - are often subjected to dehydration due to lack of body weight;
elderly people - the older the person, the less the body's ability to retain water. In addition, because of their age, people eat and drink less than younger people, and in some cases completely forgotten to do so. These factors are compounded by the fact that people of the senior age group there are several chronic diseases. Sometimes dehydration can be associated with the cessation of menstruation, diabetes and intake of large amounts of drugs;
flow in the body of chronic pathologies, including diabetes mellitus, renal failure, angina (these diseases are burdened by high body temperature, which further contributes to the appearance of dehydration);
people with alcohol dependence;
professional athletes - strong physical exertion can lead to dehydration, not only during the hot periods of the year, but in the cold. Particularly at risk are people participating in marathons;
People living or working at high altitudes (more than two and a half thousand meters above sea level);
persons who have to work outdoors in hot and humid weather. This high probability not only dehydration, but heat stroke, which can cause the appearance of complications.
Treatment of children and infants includes receiving treatment solution, which includes - potassium, sodium and other nutrients. The proportions are calculated for each patient individually small. This solution should be given in small portions and warm. Duration of reception depends on the change in urine color. If so happened that the child fell ill, it is necessary to wait for about an hour, and then repeat the process. In this case, you can continue to breastfeed the child.
Babies older than a few hours after drinking the solution can provide products enriched in carbohydrates. Such treatments are carried out under mild disorder at home. If the degree of dehydration is moderate, treatment is carried out in a clinical setting. Therapy is based on assignment of the same solution not only orally and by injection. After that, the baby sent home, but the next day you need to see a doctor again. In severe stages of the treatment of the child is carried out only in a hospital, and the addition of the solution, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics and drugs against vomiting and diarrhea. After being discharged from the hospital a few days is necessary to call the doctor to the house for inspection.
Dehydration treatment at early stages of adult performed independently, but the expert recommendations. Often, you just need to increase fluid intake and do not forget to take her time. But it is necessary to drink only water, preferably at room temperature, to abstain from coffee, tea and soft drinks. With heavy steps you need to take in food rich in carbohydrates foods. Throughout the treatment the patient should always be observed by doctors.