E. coli: Symptoms and Treatment
E. coli (Escherichia coli) scientists call rod-opportunistic bacterium which is able to function and reproduce only in the absence of oxygen. It was discovered in the eighteenth century by Theodore Escherichia by which got its name.
The bacterium has a lot of strains (types) and most of them are considered to be harmless (they live in the human intestine, are involved in synthesizing vitamin-like compounds have antibacterial properties against certain pathogenic microorganisms), but there are also those which can cause the development of serious problems health, starting with the work of the digestive tract disorders and ending the development of sepsis, so the treatment of E. coli does amoxicillin make you tired should be of high quality and timely.
E. coli: Symptoms and Treatment
Secure this microorganism strains are found in the human intestines, and their number varies from 106 to 108 CFU (microbiological indicator - colony forming units) per gram of intestinal contents. Immediately it is worth to tell that the bacteria colonize the human body in the first few days after birth, so the E. coli in infants appear at once, and in that case if the number is not too high, they bring the intestines favor, and therefore to treat this condition is not necessary.
However, it is worth remembering that some strains of this organism toxic, especially for children and pregnant women (E. coli in urine in pregnancy may indicate the development of acute or chronic infectious diseases threatening the health of the fetus), so it is very important to timely diagnose this condition and prescribe adequate treatment.
E. coli are opportunistic (which include hemolytic E. coli) and pathogens. Scientists were able to identify more than a hundred of pathogenic strains of the bacteria, which were then divided into four main classes.
Symptoms of E. coli infection occur in different ways, so each class of pathogenic bacteria should be considered separately. Status infected human health will depend on which group are and how fast multiply coliform bacteria, disease symptoms are described below.
Enteropathogenic microorganisms are most often found in children under one year of age, and their presence is usually found more in the hospital. Accompanied by watery diarrhea, sometimes vomiting, refusal to eat, and restless sleep.
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli dangerous because it can be attached to the intestinal mucosa than significantly disrupt his work. The infection is transmitted through dirty hands or fruit, so the symptoms of intestinal bacteria vital functions in the human body is sometimes called "traveler's diarrhea", which is accompanied by watery diarrhea without blood, nausea, paroxysmal abdominal pain.
Enterohaemorrhagic ehsherihioza characterized by diarrhea mixed with blood and accompanied by the development of acute hemolytic anemia. Risk of disease is that the hemolytic E. coli destroys blood cells, which can be fatal (often the disease affects women). A characteristic feature of the disease is that it is found in the stool and a large amount of impurities mucus greenish with hemolytic E. coli does not cause fever.
Enteroinvasive pathogens cause pain in the abdomen and a large chair (sometimes with blood). Mostly found in children, temporarily disrupt the immune system. It should be said that a clear clinical picture ehsherihioza not exist, patients complain of pain in the stomach (which may be located in any part of it), diarrhea and retching, therefore, the treatment of E. coli should be complex and necessarily take place under the supervision of a physician . Incidentally, lactose-negative E. coli should not be detected in the feces in too large quantities (normal - 105), and the increase of this index can be seen even on their own, evidenced by pieces of undigested food in the stool and diarrhea alternating with constipation.
E. coli as causative agents of diseases of the genitourinary system
Normally E. coli should not be detected in the urine, but if it was found there at the time tests, the doctor should urgently take her medication. Typically, the microorganism is detected gynecologist at survey of pregnant women, with many having this microorganism becomes a surprise in the vaginal microflora. The detected E. coli in a smear indicates the beginning of the development of the inflammatory process of one or more organs of the urogenital system (there is a possibility that the bacterium is transmitted sexually from one partner to another).
It must be said that the E. coli in the vagina, should be an occasion to ensure that the laboratory, immediately go to the doctor's office. The fact is that it significantly reduces the local immunity of the patient and makes the human body is almost defenseless against other dangerous bacteria, such as staphylococci or Proteus before, which ultimately can cause the development of gonorrhea or chlamydia, therefore, to treat this condition should only be a specialist.
Hemolytic E. coli is the cause of 80% of the diseases of the genitourinary system, which include:
acute and chronic prostatitis in men (E. coli in a smear in the diagnosis of prostatitis is found in almost 65% of cases);
inflammation of the ovaries and appendages in women;
vaginitis (if E. coli in a smear at vaginitis is detected immediately, the treatment of this disease takes place as quickly as possible, and the absence of adequate therapy can be a cause of serious health problems);
pyelonephritis (often hemolytic E. coli found in the diagnosis of pyelonephritis in pregnant women);
coleitis and so on.
In fact, in gynecology hemolytic E. coli has a special place, because if it enters into the vagina, it provokes a number of diseases, which subsequently lead to infertility and difficult to treat. For this reason, doctors advise to do prevention and diagnosis of the causative agent (defined by E. coli in a smear) at least once a year.