Types of baldness
There are at least three, and sometimes cross each other types of alopecia:
Androgenetic alopecia is the leader among all variety of reasons leading to hair loss. While it appears most clearly just men, taking up 95% of all cases. In women it is less visible in appearance and difficult to diagnose. Makes itself felt numerical variation in the statistics of reported cases of the disease. As the prevalence among women, according to various estimates, androgenetic alopecia takes propecia impotence from 20 to 90%. Differences between male and female variants in localization: the male version leads to a thinning of the hair in the parietal and frontal regions, and at women - a thinning of the central parting of the hair of the head with the spread on its side surfaces.
The word "thinning" is not for nothing was mentioned by us - at first the hair on the head becomes thin, short and colorless, gradually turning into the so-called vellus hair, 10-12 years, this process ends with the complete overgrowing hair follicle connective tissue.
Reasons for androgenetic alopecia are at the gene level. The hair follicle is a specific enzyme - 5-alpha reductase involved in steroidogenesis (conversion of cholesterol at various steroids useful for the organism), and generating, inter alia, dihydrotestosterone - biologically active form of the male hormone testosterone. Dihydrotestosterone detrimental effect on follicular cells is their dystrophy, and hence the hair itself.
The sensitivity of hair follicles to digidrotostesteronu determined by heredity. 73-75% of cases are inherited through the maternal line, up to 20% on the paternal and the remaining 5-7% shared by people who have the disease appears first in the race.
Diffuse or symptomatic alopecia
Diffuse or symptomatic alopecia, is a consequence of disturbances in the whole organism. Simply put, it causes some external factors cause the hair growth temporarily slows or stops altogether. On the sum of the recorded cases, it takes the second place after androgenetic, but unlike her, symptomatic women suffer hair loss more frequently than men. Diffuse alopecia can be divided into two subspecies - telogen and anagen form. Telogen form of lead, and is characterized by the fact that the follicles, after exposure to adverse external factors, just go into a phase of "sleep" - telogen, and stop producing hair.
The fight against hair loss
The first question that arises before the man when he begins to lose hair - treated or simply live? Someone resigns himself to the inevitable after a few years, at most, only trying to "reformat" hairstyle to hide as much as possible opened disadvantages; the other, on the contrary, before the end of trying to defeat this illness, spoiling the appearance. Success in the fight against hair loss depends not only on the thickness of the purse and the ability to pay for expensive treatment, but on the very human desire.
Procedures will be really long. One of the most effective to date methods - transplantation of hair - requires great patience and perseverance: hairs are not subject to balding areas (usually the occipital part of the head, and the shortage of donor hair on the back of his head, his hair transplanted to the chin, chest, legs, and even the groin area), it is necessary to transplant virtually alone. I must say that the transplant - a fairly effective method in the modern development of medicine she gives up to 95% of positive dynamics.
In addition to the implantation, there are laser therapy and medical treatment of androgenetic alopecia. They deserve a good evaluation, but the main problem lies in the fact that after the termination procedures and taking drugs hair loss resumes at the same volume. Low-intensity laser radiation used in therapy is available even in the home - in addition to clinical laser systems, there are special laser hair combs, although their efficiency is lower than when the clinic visit procedures.
Treatment can be far more prosaic and easier if we are faced with diffuse alopecia. As mentioned above, when hair loss was caused by some external factors, whether radiation or exposure to chemicals, side effects from taking all sorts of medicines, finally, even frequent hair blow-drying - it is enough to just loosen the "annoying" factor (to example, to replace or reduce the dose to take the medicine or eliminate drying hair dryer), and the hair will gradually recover on their own.
In the most disadvantageous position are the people on the skin which has left its indelible stamp alopecia areata. Corticosteroid Therapy (the most common in the fight against this form of the disease), PUVA therapy (a method that uses photoactive substances applied to the skin, together with its long-wave ultraviolet light irradiation), homeopathy, give variable and unstable success. Fight hard to be immune, especially when he is inclined to reject the body's cells, which are their own hair follicles.
In the fight against hair ailments is important not to be discouraged, try all the treatment options, all offer the doctor-trichologist. Only in this case, as the poet uttered "not false your feat, and the gift will not work."
An ancient curse
Not a boy, but her husband is known to distinguish a clear mind, a brave heart and lungs wrinkles on the forehead. But, alas, the most striking manifestation of maturity are often inappropriately tread gaps in the once luxurious hair.
In the words of the Sphinx in the famous legend, "a man of all creatures living on earth, does not change as a person." Dawn childhood he finds "moving on all fours" with transparent fringe, decreasing a child's forehead; in the middle of the life of the bright sun bakes it in some places are pretty thinning crown, and at a late hour of destiny when the "fog thickens and sadness", only remains that, "walk in a wig and a three-legged."
Leaving aside the jokes, it should be said that there is still common rules and recipes for the treatment of uncontrolled hair loss does not exist. The development of this disease poses a puzzle, its root causes often determine quite difficult, and treatment can be a long, expensive, but ineffective. In addition, we often lose sight of the fact that women also suffer from alopecia (as in a scientific name of this attack) is almost equally with men. Visible differences only in the localization.