Anthrax - an acute infectious disease related to zoonoses, ie infection occurs through animals. Anthrax can occur as a pulmonary or intestinal forms buy doxycycline hyclate 100mg, but the overwhelming majority of cases related to the shape of the skin.
The source of the disease are domestic animals (camels, pigs, cows, horses, sheep and goats).
Infection occurs in the care of the animals and meat processing. Just infection may prikontakte with animal products (hair, wool, leather, fur).
Infection may enter the human body from the soil, wherein the anthrax spores can remain for a long time (up to several years).
The pathogen also penetrate through human skin vorganizm microtrauma, by eating contaminated food or inhalation of contaminated dust and bone meal.
Symptoms of anthrax
The incubation period, ie the time from infection to onset of symptoms, ranging from a few hours to a week. Typically, this period lasts 2-3 days.
There are intestinal, pulmonary, cutaneous form.
Cutaneous anthrax in turn subdivided into erizepeloidnuyu, bullous, and edematous karbunkuleznuyu species.
The most common form is karbunkuleznaya. It is characterized by changes in the skin at the site of introduction of the infection. In the beginning there is a red, elevated above the skin spot in this area. Then in its place formed a bubble, is gradually transformed into an ulcer. These transformations take just a few hours.
Patients complain of pain and burning at the site of ulceration.
Gradually, new sores around the bubbles, whereby the skin defect increases in size
You have symptoms of intoxication fever, weakness, drowsiness, headache.
Pneumonic begins acutely with severe chills, high body temperature, redness of the eyes, sneezing, coughing, runny nose. The disease is very difficult and may end lethally.
For the intestinal form of the disease is characterized by pain in the stomach, diarrhea, vomiting, and general intoxication. Belly distended, painful on palpation. The patient may also die from infectious and toxic shock.
Diagnosis of Anthrax
For the diagnosis of the disease is important epidemiological history, the patient's profession, the possibility of contact with sick animals.
Anthrax has a distinctive appearance dark scab surrounded by secondary elements, located on the edematous and reddened skin.
In the laboratories there are special studies to identify the causative agent.After setting the diagnosis of the patient is placed in a private room in the hospital.
Extract is made after a full recovery and epithelialization of ulcers.